Pinus echinata

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Shortleaf Pine


Plant Specifics

Size:80-100 (120) ft tall
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Noted for:-


Recommended Uses:Shade tree. Forest tree.
Availability:Native nurseries, Specialty providers
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic



Squirrels and other animals eat the seeds. 

The USDA Forest Service indicates that it can be a cavity tree for red-cockaded woodpeckers.

Native Habitats:Dry uplands, old fields.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:

The range of shortleaf pine extends north into New Jersey and Pennsylvania (maybe further north), and west into Texas and Oklahoma.  It has some oddities in the BONAP maps that suggest that it has been poorly documented with herbarium specimens in Georgia.  Based on what we know from BONAP and ISB, the range in north Florida is likely continuous, but likely  does not extend down to the Gulf Coast.  Given land uses, it may once of been more frequent and included counties from which there are no herbarium specimens.  This pine has been used commercially for timber production, especially north of Florida. 

Overall, it appears appropriate to plant this species in appropriate soil conditions anywhere in the Florida panhandle and east to Columbia County.