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|Size:||to 30 ft|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Winter deciduous. Blooms in spring.|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen tree.|
|Propagation:||Better specimens are grown from cuttings.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Circum-neutral to calcareous|
Birds, squirrels, and other animals eat the fruit, and deer may browse the foliage, but the plant is not generally considered ideal food for either. It is used for hiding and nesting.
Pollinated by bees.
Larval host for the Coral Hairstreak, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Red-Spotted Purple, Spring/Summer Azures, and Viceroy butterflies.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Fruit is edible but not particularly good. Sometimes used for jellies/preserves. Most other parts of the plant are poisonous.|
The range of this species covers much of North America, especially the midwest and mid-to-north Atlantic states and extends into southern Canada. Florida is the southern limit, and locations documented by herbarium specimens are scattered. Warm winter termperatures likely interfere with reproduction, and at least one of the southern herbarium specimens appears to be at a location where it could have been deposited by a bird.
Once established, this plant should be an attractive bloomer.