Psychotria nervosa

Shiny-leaf Wild-coffee, Wild Coffee

Rubiaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Shrub
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red,green,brown
Phenology:Evergreen
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Small specimen plant, foundation planting, general cover plant in shaded areas.
Considerations:Wild Coffee does not like constant full sun.
Propagation:Readily self-seeds, seeds can be collect from fruit and should be planted after last frost in cold areas.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:6.1 to 7.5

Ecology

Wildlife:
 

Birds like the fruit.

Insects:
  

  • Nectar plant for atala (Eumaeus atala), great southern white (Ascia monuste), julia (Dryas iulia), Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus), and other butterflies. 
  • Attracts pollinators including a variety of bees and wasps, flies, and beetles.

Native Habitats:Dry mesic to xeric hammock, high areas in swamps, coastal shell mounds, pine flatwoods.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:This is not a coffee substitute (Pinkley 1969; Austin 2004). Its common name is may be a reference to some visual similarity to coffee
General Comments:Sensitize to cold weather.