Quercus alba

Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

White Oak


Plant Specifics

Size:to 100 ft tall by to 50 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms early spring (inconspicuous). Acorns ripen in fall. Life span 100+ years.
Noted for:Interesting bark, Fall color, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Shade tree best suited to settings where its large size can be appreciated. Grown in open settings, it can have a wide spread. Grown in a forested setting it will have a narrower crown.
Considerations:Annual acorn drop may require cleanup in areas close to residences.
Availability:Native nurseries, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Slightly acidic



Squirrels, racoons, deer and many other animals eat the acorns. 


Larval host for brown duskywing butterfly (Erynnis horatius), the gray hairstreak (Strymon melinus), and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album).

Native Habitats:Dry mesic to mesic forests, second bottom, higher levees.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Its peeling bark and rounded lobes set it apart from most other oaks.