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Sand Live Oak
|Size:||Height is largely a function of fire frequency, 20-30 ft tall if not burned. Crown width about half the height.|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Inconspicuous flowers in early spring. Acorns mature in autumn of same year.|
|Noted for:||Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen tree, shade tree. Thicket in dry sandy areas.|
|Propagation:||Seed, but readily available as a containerized sapling.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Short very dry periods ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Short very dry periods ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Valued by the Florida scrub-jay for its acorns which are relatively low in tanins and often used as a nesting tree.
Acorns used by woodpeckers and wild turkey
Valued by squirrels and other mammals including white tailed deer
Acorns are low in tannins making them a preferred nut by birds and other wildlife.
Larval host plant for oak hairstreak (Fixsenia favonius), Horace's duskywing (Erynnis horatius), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) butterflies.
possible larval host for Juvenal's duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis).
|Native Habitats:||Scrub, sandhill, scrubby flatwoods, flatwoods, coastal hammocks. Increases in flatwoods under winter burn management.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Slower growing and generally smaller than live oak. Extremely drought tolerant.
In environments where there is fire, this is often a small clonal shrub or cluster of small trees.