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|Size:||5 to 30 ft|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Blooms early spring (inconspicuous). Fruits ripen the second fall.|
|Noted for:||Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Forms a thicket with many sprouts from spreading roots|
|Propagation:||Seed or as nursery-grown sapplings. Small stems may difficult to transplant from the wild.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Small mammals use the acorns.
Provides significant food and cover for wildlife.
The acorns are utilized by squirrels.
An important food source for the Florida scrub-jay as the tannins in the nuts help it remain edible through the winter; scrub-jays may also use it for nesting and perching
Larval host for Horace's duskywing (Erynnis horatius), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) butterflies.
Possible larval host for Juvenal's duskywing (Erynnis juvenalis) and oak hairstreak (Fixsenia favonius) butterflies.
|Native Habitats:||Scrub, scrubby flatwoods, scrubby sandhill.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||This plant can form clones from underground stems. It is adapted to fire environments.|