Quercus nigra

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Water Oak


Plant Specifics

Size:50-80 ft tall by 20-50 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms early spring (inconspicuous). Fruits ripen the second fall. Life span 70-100 years.
Noted for:-


Recommended Uses:Shade tree. Semi-evergreen with leaves falling just before new leaves emerge.
Considerations:Acorns can be a maintenance problem.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to neutral



Provides cover for and nesting areas for birds and squirrels

The acorns are used by squirrels, turkeys, and deer



Larval host plant for Horace's dusky wing (Erynnis horactius), red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) and white-M hairstreak (Parrhasius m-album) butterflies

Native Habitats:Floodplains, seep slopes, mesic secondary woods. May invade flatwoods if there is fire exclusion.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:The wood is weak.