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White Indigo Berry
|Size:||3-10 ft tall by 3-6 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Flowers year round. Life span estimated to be <50 yrs (Nelson 2003).|
|Noted for:||Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Thorns|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant. Shrub border or foundation plant. Will tolerate shearing. Valued for its shiny foliage and dense branching.|
|Considerations:||Often produces spines at the bases of leaves.|
|Propagation:||Can be grown from de-pulped seed and cuttings. Scatter seeds over soil and barely cover. Place in light shade. Transplant into liners after first true leaves emerge. (IRC)|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||-|
Fruits attract birds.
Also used for cover.
Nectar plant for Schaus' swallowtail (Heraclides aristodemus) and other butterflies.
Larval host plant for tantalus sphinx (Aellopus tantalus) moths.
|Native Habitats:||Edges of coastal hammocks, pine rocklands, rocky flats.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||Fruit is a white berry with indigo pulp.|