Rhizophora mangle

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Red Mangrove


Plant Specifics

Size:20-50 (70) ft tall by 15-40 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Yellow
Fruit Color:Green,brown
Noted for:Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Very good for coastal stabilization. Can act as a specimen plant in coastal areas. This tree is noted for its prop roots.
Propagation:Seeds sprout on the plant and drop as a propagule into the water. Sprouted seed can be collected and moved to desired location.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed, Specialty providers
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation)
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Marine alluvium, Lime rock
Soil pH:



Mangroves provide good cover and habitat for many birds, fish and other animals.


Pollinated by wind

Native Habitats:Wet sites. Mangrove swamps. Shallow waters of coastal areas, edges of lagoons.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments: