Rhus copallinum

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Winged Sumac


Plant Specifics

Size:4-15 (30) ft tall forming clones.
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Orange,red
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms mid-summer. Fruits ripen by fall and persist into winter. Clonal. Life span of single stem likely <20 yrs, clone could be long-lived.
Noted for:Fall color, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:This is one of the few shrubs that produces brilliant red fall color in much of Florida.
Considerations:Good background plant. Likely to form large clumps. Use in large settings or in areas being restored.
Availability:FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to neutral



Fruits are eaten by songbirds, jays, and crows; white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkey, and quail. 

Bark is eaten by rabbits.



Flowers attract pollinators including bees and butterflies.  Bees documented include  Colletes inandibularis, Augochlora pura, Augochlorella aurata, Augochloropsis sumptuosa and Dialictus placidensis (Deyrup et al. 2002).

Host plant for the red-banded hairstreak caterpillar and the Luna moth. 


Native Habitats:Flatwoods, dry prairie, sandhill, disturbed areas including dry muck.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Compound leaf has "wings" of tissue along the leaf-stem (rachis).