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|Size:||4-15 (30) ft tall forming clones.|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms mid-summer. Fruits ripen by fall and persist into winter. Clonal. Life span of single stem likely <20 yrs, clone could be long-lived.|
|Noted for:||Fall color, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage|
|Recommended Uses:||This is one of the few shrubs that produces brilliant red fall color in much of Florida.|
|Considerations:||Good background plant. Likely to form large clumps. Use in large settings or in areas being restored.|
|Availability:||FNPS plant sales|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Lime rock, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Acidic to neutral|
Fruits are eaten by songbirds, jays, and crows; white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkey, and quail.
Bark is eaten by rabbits.
Flowers attract pollinators including bees and butterflies. Bees documented include Colletes inandibularis, Augochlora pura, Augochlorella aurata, Augochloropsis sumptuosa and Dialictus placidensis (Deyrup et al. 2002).
Host plant for the red-banded hairstreak caterpillar and the Luna moth.
|Native Habitats:||Flatwoods, dry prairie, sandhill, disturbed areas including dry muck.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||Compound leaf has "wings" of tissue along the leaf-stem (rachis).|