Sabal etonia

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Scrub Palmetto

Arecaceae (Palmae)

Plant Specifics

Size:To 5 ft tall by To 5 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Blue,black
Noted for:Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Small specimen or border plant.
Availability:FNPS plant sales, Specialty providers
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Acidic



Fruit is eaten by birds and other animals.


Flowers attract pollinators. Documented bee visitors include Agapostelnon splendens, Azcgochlorella aurata, Augochloropsis anonyma, A. metallica, A. sumnptuosa, Dialictus coreopsis, D. miniatulus, D. nymphalis, D. placidelzsis, Halictus ligatus, Megachile albitarsis, M. brevis pseudobrevis, M. mendica, Apis mellifera, Bombus impatiens and  B. pennsylvanicus (Deyrup et al. 2002).

Native Habitats:Scrub, high pine with reduced fire frequencies, scrubby flatwoods.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:This is a Florida endemic associated with dunes and scrub, both ancient and modern.