Saccharum giganteum

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Sugarcane Plumegrass

Poaceae (Gramineae)

Plant Specifics

Size:2-4 (10) ft tall by 1-3 ft wide
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Winter dormant
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant or background plant in moist informal garden. This is a mid-sized bunching grass until the flower stalk shoots up in the fall. Then it sports a tall silvery plume that gradually turns to light brown.
Considerations:The flower stalks need to be removed once no longer showy.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Organic material (muck), Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to neutral



Birds will eat the seeds.  Provides cover.


Host plant for the Clouded Skipper butterfly (Lerema accius)

Native Habitats:Flatwoods, marshes, coastal swales, cypress ponds, lake shores, cutthroat seep.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures