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|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Interesting foliage|
|Recommended Uses:||Shade tree or specimen tree. Leaves may be evergreen in south Florida. Can be used as a street tree.|
|Considerations:||Fruit is poisonous.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Calcareous (high pH)|
Used by wildlife for cover, food.
Flowers attract bees.
|Native Habitats:||Hammocks, coastal scrub, shell mounds, along streams and on limestone uplands.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Saponin (extracted from the fruit) is an antimicrobial detergent. The plant has been used as a cure for a variety of ailments including skin problems, migraine headaches, epilepsy, and tumors. Recent research (2011) appears to support the folk-medicine use as an antivenom (please, get to a doctor immediately if bitten by a venomous snake -- don't self medicate!) Seeds are apparently poisonous.|