Schoenoplectus pungens

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Three-square, Threesquare Bulrush


Plant Specifics

Size:3-5 ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Brown
Fruit Color:Brown
Noted for:Showy fruits, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Restoration. Backdrop for a pond. Useful for water quality treatment.
Considerations:Can be an aggressive spreader.
Propagation:Division. Seed.
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Aquatic (always flooded) ----- to ----- Aquatic)
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic (always flooded) ----- to ----- Aquatic
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of frequent or regular inundation (usually areas with tidal inundation)
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Pond, lake, or stream bottom, Organic material (muck), Sand
Soil pH:



Birds and other animals eat the seed. Snails and others use this emergent plant for habitat and for laying eggs.

Native Habitats:Marshes, saltmarshes.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Parts of the plant, including roots and seeds, are said to be edible. Has been used in various forms of basket making and weaving.