Rough Skullcap, Helmet Skullcap
|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Wildflower garden. It blooms early before most of the other wildflowers.|
|Considerations:||It's a prolific reseeder.|
|Propagation:||Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed, Specialty providers|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of inundation with brackish water|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Flowers attract pollinators, likely bees, flies, and/or butterflies and moths.
|Native Habitats:||Upland mixed forests, flatwoods, sandhill, ruderal areas.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Salt tolerance has not been studied but it has been recorded (in New England) in salt marshes, suggesting tolerance of at least brackish water and likely tolerance of some salt spray.
Information is lacking regarding pollination for the species. However, the family exhibits flowers that are hermaphrodite, dioecious, or gynodioecious (fairly commonly), and is most often pollinated by insects, (bees, butterflies & moths, or flies). Also has cleistogamous flowers,so self pollination may also occur(Collins 1976 as cited in New England Native Plant Trust, 2002).