Swietenia mahagoni

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West Indian Mahogany


Plant Specifics

Size:30-70 (80) ft tall by 40-60 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Green
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Briefly deciduous. Inconspicuous flowers in spring. Fruits ripen late-summer - fall.
Noted for:Aroma, Fragrance, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Street tree. Yard and park shade tree.
Availability:Native nurseries, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable



Attracts a diverse community of small butterflies and moths. Many species of ants, thrips, small beetles, flies, bees, and wasps also visit flowers, many of these feeding on the basal nectary.

Native Habitats:Tropical rockland hammock, coastal hammocks.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:This is the original source of commercial mahogany, now replaced by Honduras mahogany (S. macrophylla). It was heavily logged in South Florida prior to the 1900s and is listed as threatened in Florida.
General Comments:

In South Florida, this is the only host of the critically imperiled mahogany mistletoe (Phoradendron rubrum).

There are reports that this tree is becoming invasive in southern Florida in some areas beyond its natural range.