Taxodium distichum

Bald Cypress

Cupressaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Tree
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:Fall color, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Can be used as a specimen tree, planted in floodplain areas, or planted in relatively moist uplands. Tolerant of root disturbance, so a candidate for use as a street/parking lot tree.
Considerations:Can produce knees even if grown in uplands.
Propagation:Can be grown from seed. Requires moist but not inundated sites for germination and early growth. Requires flooding for seed dispersal.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed, Specialty providers
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Aquatic ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)
Moisture Tolerance: Aquatic ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand
Soil pH:Neutral to acidic

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Attracts seed-eating birds. Valuable as roosting and nesting areas for colonial wading birds. Larval host for baldcypress sphinx (Isoparce cupressi) moth.

Insects:
 
Native Habitats:Riverine swamps, large swamps around lakes. Inundated areas associated with some form of flowing water. Floodplains, sloughs, strands. May be associated with a longer fire return interval than T. ascendens.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:Old trees were exceeding valuable as a source of wood that was rot resistant. Younger trees with little heartwood do not share this characteristic.
General Comments:Younger specimens have a conical shape, but older trees tend to flatten out at the top. In some areas, the strangler fig (Ficus aurea)has strangled many mature bald cypress trees--The Corkscrew Swamp is an example of this.