Tilia americana

Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Basswood, American Linden, Bee Tree

Malvaceae

Also known as Tilia caroliniana, Tilia heterophylla

Plant Specifics

Form:Tree
Size:60-80 ft tall by 40-60 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,yellow,green
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:Fall color, Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Shade tree for mid-moisture sites.
Considerations:Dense shade produced by this tree will limit what can be grown under it.
Propagation:Seed. Can also be managed as a coppice plant.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:

Ecology

Wildlife:
 

Seeds eaten by a variety of small mammals, especially rodents. 

Insects:
  

  • Flowers fragrant and attractive to insects, especially bees.
  • Larval host for red spotted purple butterfly.

Native Habitats:Mesic forests.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:Has been used for lumber/furniture wood. Known as a good honey plant.
General Comments:Tilia americana var. caroliniana and T. americana var. heterophylla both occur in Florida. Their cultural requirements and appearance are similar.