Torreya taxifolia

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Florida Torreya


Plant Specifics

Size:12-36 ft tall by 6-10 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Blue
Noted for:Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree.
Considerations:Disease. Do not plant in areas where the species grows naturally due to disease -- this means avoiding the bluffs along the Apalachicola River.
Propagation:Seed. Some native nurseries carry seed-grown plants from out-of-state nurseries.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



Birds eat seeds.

Native Habitats:Slope forest, upland hardwood forest. Rich wooded ravines.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:

In the wild, Torreya is dying out due to disease. If choosing to plant this species, obtain disease-free (out-of-state) specimens and plant well-removed from the Apalachicola River so that the planted specimens will not become infected. This is a federally endangered species, it cannot be transplanted or transported without landowner permission and/or appropriate permits.

To participate in FNPS restoration and protection efforts for this species, see