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|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Back of a moist wildflower garden. Can also use on the edges of natural or created wetlands and streams.|
|Propagation:||Seed or division. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed, Specialty providers|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
Nectar attracts butterflies and native beens.
Larval host for spring azure butterfly.
|Native Habitats:||Exposed sand and gravel bars of streams during low water, stream banks, hydric to wet mesic pine flatwoods. Rich soils. Ruderal.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||The genus name honors the English botanist William Vernon, who did fieldwork in North America.|