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|Size:||6-8 (12) ft|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms spring-early summer. Fruits ripen in late summer-fall. Life span about 50 yrs (Nelson).|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant. Screen plant or understory shrub.|
|Propagation:||Seed and divisions.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Mildly acidic|
Birds and other wildlife consume fruit.
Larval host for the spring azure butterfly (Celastrina ladon).
Both native and non-native viburnums (Viburnum spp.) attract a wide range of pollinators with strong scents that promise either a nectar or pollen reward. Scarab beetles of the genus Cetonia are particularly interesting viburnum pollinators, possessing branched hairs on their bodies that are similar to pollen-collecting hairs found on bees. These hairs ensure a better chance of cross-pollination for self-sterile viburnum species. Viburnums with long corolla tubes and sweet scents are most often pollinated by species belonging to the order Lepidoptera, while viburnums with shorter corolla tubes and muskier odors receive frequent visits from flies and small bees. This relationship corresponds to the size of the insect mouthparts. Most viburnums produce very little nectar despite the wide range of pollinators.. The primary reward, at least for bees, is not nectar but pollen (Arnold Arboretum).
|Native Habitats:||Mesic to dry-mesic woods. Areas of shallow to moderate inundation, along stream and river banks, swamps, swamp borders, fertile uplands, titi swamps, secondary woods.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Indigenous peoples used the suckers, which are long and straight as shafts for their arrows.|