Wisteria frutescens

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American Wisteria

Fabaceae (Leguminosae)

Plant Specifics

Size:15-30 ft tall by 4-8 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,purple,lavender
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms mid-spring to summer.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Good trellis, post or fence vine. It's a legume, so it can grow in poor soils, but blooms much better with a richer soil mixture.
Propagation:Bare root, container, seed (It can take years before a seedling will mature enough to bloom.)
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Slightly acidic to neutral



Foliage palatable to deer.


Attracts pollinators.

Larval host for silver spotted skipper (Epargyreus clarus) and long-tailer skipper (Urbanus proteus).

Native Habitats:Floodplains, gum swamps, upland thickets.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Less aggressive growth than similar Asian species. Blooms only on new wood. At least one cultivar has white flowers.