Ximenia americana

Tallowwood, Hog-plum

Olacaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Shrub
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Yellow
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Thorns

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Hedge plant, wildlife plant. Large shrub which can be trained as a tree in the right conditions. Crown is narrow and irregular and the trunks and branches are crooked or twisting.
Considerations:Has thorns.
Propagation:Seed
Availability:Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Organic material (muck), Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Birds and other wildlife will eat the fruit.

Insects:
 

Attracts pollinators, especially bees.  Documented bees in clude Agapostemon splendens, Augochloropsis sumptuosa, Dialictus placidensis, Coelioxys germana, Megachile mendica, Melissodes communis, and Apis mellifera (honeybee) (Deyrup et al. 2002).

Native Habitats:Scrub, xeric hammocks, swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:Edible fruits. Fruit has also been used to make soap and cosmetics.
General Comments:May be semi-parasitic on the roots of other plants which makes it challenging to grow. Best planted near a potential host such as an oak. May die back in winter in northern parts of its range,