Ximenia americana

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Tallowwood, Hog-plum


Plant Specifics

Size:10-20 (25) ft tall by 10-20 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Yellow
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Thorns


Recommended Uses:Hedge plant, wildlife plant. Large shrub which can be trained as a tree in the right conditions. Crown is narrow and irregular and the trunks and branches are crooked or twisting.
Considerations:Has thorns.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Organic material (muck), Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable



Birds and other wildlife will eat the fruit.


Attracts pollinators, especially bees.  Documented bees in clude Agapostemon splendens, Augochloropsis sumptuosa, Dialictus placidensis, Coelioxys germana, Megachile mendica, Melissodes communis, and Apis mellifera (honeybee) (Deyrup et al. 2002).

Native Habitats:Scrub, xeric hammocks, swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Edible fruits. Fruit has also been used to make soap and cosmetics.
General Comments:May be semi-parasitic on the roots of other plants which makes it challenging to grow. Best planted near a potential host such as an oak. May die back in winter in northern parts of its range,