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|Size:||10-20 (25) ft tall by 10-20 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Thorns|
|Recommended Uses:||Hedge plant, wildlife plant. Large shrub which can be trained as a tree in the right conditions. Crown is narrow and irregular and the trunks and branches are crooked or twisting.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Organic material (muck), Lime rock, Sand|
Birds and other wildlife will eat the fruit.
Attracts pollinators, especially bees. Documented bees in clude Agapostemon splendens, Augochloropsis sumptuosa, Dialictus placidensis, Coelioxys germana, Megachile mendica, Melissodes communis, and Apis mellifera (honeybee) (Deyrup et al. 2002).
|Native Habitats:||Scrub, xeric hammocks, swamps.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Edible fruits. Fruit has also been used to make soap and cosmetics.|
|General Comments:||May be semi-parasitic on the roots of other plants which makes it challenging to grow. Best planted near a potential host such as an oak. May die back in winter in northern parts of its range,|