Yucca filamentosa

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Adam's Needle, Beargrass


Also known as Yucca smalliana

Plant Specifics

Size:3-8 (12) ft tall by 3-4 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Green
Phenology:Evergreen, blooms early summer. Life span less than 50 yrs. (Nelson 2003).
Noted for:Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant. Low hedge.
Considerations:The leaves have hard, sharp points.
Propagation:Seed or cuttings.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to neutral



  Provides wildlife cover


Larval host plant for cofaqui giant skipper (Megathymus cofaqui) and yucca giant skipper (Megathymus yuccae) butterflies. 

Pollinated by yucca moths.

Native Habitats:Dry sites. Scrub, scrubby flatwoods.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Yucca fruit can be cooked and eaten after the seeds are removed; the large petals are used in salads. Fibrous leaves were pulled apart and used for making rope or twine.
General Comments:Leaves have sharp spiny tips.