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Also known as Zamia pumila
|Size:||2-3 ft tall by 3-5 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Interesting foliage|
Specimen plant or mass planting in border.
Seeds, foliage, and roots are toxic.
Seed and root division
|Availability:||Friends, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Tolerant of inundation with brackish water|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
|Soil pH:||Circum neutral|
Larval host for the rare atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) which is restricted to South Florida and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo).
Upland hardwood forests, high pine, coastal hammocks, shell middens.
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
Used by the Indians as a source of starch. Also for many years this starch was used in the making of Animal Crackers. Read more about this in 1995 Palmetto article by Roger Hammer: http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/hammer_roger_l_the_coontie_and_the_atala_hairstreak_vol_15_no_4_winter_1995.pdf
Although palm-like in appearance, this is a cycad, a primitive group of non-flowering plants. It is listed as commercially exploited by the state of Florida.