Zamia integrifolia

Arrowroot, Coontie

Zamiaceae

Also known as Zamia pumila

Plant Specifics

Form:Shrub
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Orange,brown
Phenology:Evergreen
Noted for:Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:

Specimen plant or mass planting in border.

Considerations:

Grows slowly.

Propagation:

Seed and root division

Availability:Friends, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Circum neutral

Ecology

Wildlife:

Larval host for atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo).

Insects:
 
Native Habitats:

Upland hardwood forests, high pine, coastal hammocks, shell middens.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:

Used by the Indians as a source of starch. Also for many years this starch was used in the making of Animal Crackers. Read more about this in 1995 Palmetto article by Roger Hammer: http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/hammer_roger_l_the_coontie_and_the_atala_hairstreak_vol_15_no_4_winter_1995.pdf

General Comments:

Although palm-like in appearance, this is a cycad, a primitive group of non-flowering plants. It is listed as commercially exploited by the state of Florida.