Zamia integrifolia

Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.

Arrowroot, Coontie

Zamiaceae

Also known as Zamia pumila

Plant Specifics

Form:Shrub
Size:2-3 ft tall by 3-5 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:Orange,brown
Phenology:Evergreen
Noted for:Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:

Specimen plant or mass planting in border.

Considerations:

Grows slowly.

Seeds, foliage, and roots are toxic.

Propagation:

Seed and root division

Availability:Friends, Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of inundation with brackish water
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Sand
Soil pH:Circum neutral

Ecology

Wildlife:
Insects:
 

Larval host for the rare atala butterfly (Eumaeus atala florida) which is restricted to South Florida and the echo moth (Sierarctia echo).  

Native Habitats:

Upland hardwood forests, high pine, coastal hammocks, shell middens.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:

Used by the Indians as a source of starch. Also for many years this starch was used in the making of Animal Crackers. Read more about this in 1995 Palmetto article by Roger Hammer: http://www.fnps.org/assets/pdf/palmetto/hammer_roger_l_the_coontie_and_the_atala_hairstreak_vol_15_no_4_winter_1995.pdf

General Comments:

Although palm-like in appearance, this is a cycad, a primitive group of non-flowering plants. It is listed as commercially exploited by the state of Florida.