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|Size:||10 to 25 (50) ft tall by 10-25 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms in spring. Fruit ripens in fall.|
|Noted for:||Interesting bark, Showy flowers, Interesting foliage, Thorns|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen tree.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit.
Larval host for giant swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes).
|Native Habitats:||Hammocks, wet woods, dunes, shell middens.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||The bitter aromatic bark was used for toothaches.|
|General Comments:||Wood is quite soft and weak. This author had one break in a storm. It did however resprout from low on the trunk and the sprout is now about 15 ft tal.|