Celtis occidentalis

Hackberry

Celtidaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Tree
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:-

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Not typically grown but worth retaining if present as an understory tree.
Considerations:Has a shallow root system that may prevent plants from growing under it.
Propagation:Seed.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Neutral to calcareous

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Fruits are eaten by a number of birds and small mammals. 

Insects:
 

Larval host for hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis), and mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) butterflies. Sole larval host plant for American snout (Libytheana carineta) in South Florida; also larval host for tawny emperor (Asterocampa clyton), question mark (Polygonia interrogationis) butterflies.

Wind pollinated.

 

Native Habitats:

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:Used for furniture, athletic goods, boxes and crates, and plywood. The common name apparently was derived from hagberry, meaning marsh berry, a name used in Scotland for a cherry.
General Comments:Further north, this can be a moderately large tree.