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Swamp Dogwood, Stiff Cornel
|Size:||10-30 ft tall by 10-20 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Blooms in spring. Fruits summer-early fall. Likely lives 50 yrs. or less.|
|Noted for:||Interesting bark, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Hurricane wind resistance|
|Recommended Uses:||Use along streams or edges of retention areas. Can be a screen or specimen tree in moist areas. Blooms better in moderate to high light settings.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand|
Birds and small mammals consume the fruit.
Attracts long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, and butterflies.
Larval host for cecropia silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia) and spring azure butterfly (Celastrina ladon).
|Native Habitats:||Riverine swamps, bluffs, bluffs, gum swamps. Typically in areas of relatively brief, shallow inundation.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures