Cornus foemina

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Swamp Dogwood, Stiff Cornel


Plant Specifics

Size:10-30 ft tall by 10-20 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Blue
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms in spring. Fruits summer-early fall. Likely lives 50 yrs. or less.
Noted for:Interesting bark, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Use along streams or edges of retention areas. Can be a screen or specimen tree in moist areas. Blooms better in moderate to high light settings.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand
Soil pH:Acidic



 Birds and small mammals consume the fruit.


Attracts long-tongued bees, short-tongued bees, wasps, flies, and butterflies. 

Larval host for cecropia silkmoth (Hyalophora cecropia) and spring azure butterfly (Celastrina ladon).  

Native Habitats:Riverine swamps, bluffs, bluffs, gum swamps. Typically in areas of relatively brief, shallow inundation.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures