Exothea paniculata

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Plant Specifics

Size:20-35 (45) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,orange
Fruit Color:Orange,red,purple
Phenology:Evergreen. Blooms winter-early spring. Fruits ripen in spring-summer.
Noted for:Aroma, fragrance, Showy flowers, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Shade tree.
Propagation:Seed though said to be slow to sprout and not easy to establish.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Humus (organic, upland), Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



Fruits are used by birds.


Attracts a variety of insect pollinators.

Native Habitats:Hammocks.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures



Known for dense, hard wood.

Ink can be made from the berries or the bark.