Ilex cassine var. myrtifolia

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Myrtle-leaf Holly


Also known as Ilex myrtifolia

Plant Specifics

Size:6-25 ft.
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Yellow,red
Phenology:Evergreen shrub to small tree. Blooms in springs. Red to yellow fruits ripen in fall and persist into winter.
Noted for:Showy fruits


Recommended Uses:Good winter interest in a wetland setting. Would make a good wet-site hedge
Considerations:It's dioecious; so make sure you have at least one male plant in the vicinity to produce berries on the females.
Propagation:Softwood cuttings started in spring. Seeds of most holly species require 2-3 years of dormancy before they will germinate.
Availability:Friends, Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Usually moist, occasional inundation
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic



Fruits are eaten by birds.


Bees pollinate flowers. 

Native Habitats:Wet-moist sites. Typically found in shallow wetland areas.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Not frequently cultivated, but worthy of consideration in appropriate sites for its long-lasting colorful fruits.  Fruits can be red or yellow.