Passiflora incarnata

Passion Vine, Maypop, Purple Passion Flower

Passifloraceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Vine
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:Blue,purple
Fruit Color:Yellow,green
Phenology:Deciduous,winter dormant
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Given the proper support this plant makes an excellent climbing vine hedge.
Considerations:This plant spreads using stoloniferous rhizome just beneath the ground surface. In areas with loose sand or mulch it can spread like wildflower sprouting up at some distance away from the mother plant. Its ability to climb using tendrils can make it a problem for slow growing bushes.
Propagation:Once the egg-like fruit has dried and shriveled the fruit (maypop) can be cut open revealing brown seeds. It is best to plant the seeds immediately after removing the pulp surrounding them. Passion vine can also be grown from cuttings - make sure and keep moist till established. Sprouts can be transplanted.
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Sand
Soil pH:6.1 to 7.8

Ecology

Wildlife:
 

The young tendrils of purple passion vine are eaten by wild turkey.  Wildlife eat the fruits.

Insects:
  

  • Purple passionflower is larval host plant for numerous butterfly species, including Gulf Fritillary, (Agraulis vanillae), and Zebra Longwing (Heliconius charithonia), the state butterfly of Florida. It also is host to the Crimson Patch Longwing (Heliconius erato), Red-banded hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops)and Julia Heliconian (Dryas iulia) butterflies.
  • Pollinated by bees.

Native Habitats:Disturbed, brushy areas or disturbed upland hardwood forest, sandhill and scrub.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

Ethnobotany:The Cherokee used a compound infusion of the root to treat boils. They also gave an infusion of root to babies to aid in weaning, and a warm infusion of beaten root dropped into the ear for earache. The Cherokee used parboiled leaves and the fruit as a food source.
General Comments:The name 'passion' is a reference to the crucifixion of Jesus of Nazareth. Parts of the flower are said to resemble instruments used during the crucifixion.