Polystichum acrostichoides

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Christmas Fern


Plant Specifics

Size:to 2.5 ft tall by 1-2 ft wide 
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:NA
Fruit Color:NA
Noted for:Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Treasure if you have it. Good for rock gardens and shade gardens as an understory plant.
Considerations:Benefits from periodic removal of old fronds.
Propagation:Does not spread vegetatively; rare spread from spores.
Availability:Specialty providers
Light: Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Humus (organic, upland), Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Circum-neutral to calcareous.


Native Habitats:Rocky hammocks and upper margins of swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:The range of this species includes much of eastern North America up into southern Canada.  Its occurrence in Florida is sparse with appropriate substrate likely being the primary determining factor.