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|Size:||2-3 ft tall by 1.5 to 2.5 ft wide, clump-forming|
|Life Span:||Short-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Winter dormant. Spread by stolons and can self-seed. Blooms summer-early fall.|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Wildflower garden, border plant, rain gardens, containers.|
|Propagation:||Seed. Self sows. Clumps can be divided.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Quality nurseries, Seed|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.|
|Soil or other substrate:||Clay, Loam, Sand|
Small birds eat the seed.
Deer tend to avoid this.
Attracts bumble bees, butterflies
Larval host for the silvery checkerspot, found only in extreme north Florida.
|Native Habitats:||Flatwoods, open pine/oak forests, ruderal areas.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||Blooms mid- summer into fall.|