Trillium spp.

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Trillium, Wakerobin


Also known as Trillium underwoodii, Trillium decipiens, Trillium lancifolium, Trillium maculatum

Plant Specifics

Size:.5-1.5 ft tall by .5-.8 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Red,green,brown
Fruit Color:NA
Phenology:Winter dormant
Noted for:Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Late winter/early spring ephemeral wildflower. Retain and treasure if they occur on your site. Plant as a groundcover in a shady spot--but do not transplant from any place in the wild unless it is threatened by destruction.
Propagation:Division of clumps of bulbs.
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic



Flies and ants.

Native Habitats:Mesic sites. Slope forests and bluffs.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:These species have a cold requirement. They should not be planted substantially south of their native ranges. Flower color varies from dark maroon to mixtures of green and brown. All trilliums are at least moderately uncommon in Florida; some are very rare. Please do not harvest from the wild.