Coccoloba diversifolia

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Pigeon Plum


Plant Specifics

Size:30-40 (60) ft tall by 10-20 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,yellow
Fruit Color:Purple
Phenology:Evergreen. Relatively long-lived (Nelson 2003). Blooms year round but predominantly spring-summer.
Noted for:Interesting bark, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:

Shade tree.  Narrow crown is said to make it a good choice for avenues, narrow entryways, and areas between houses. 

Can be used as a large container plant.

Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Some tolerance to salty wind but not direct salt spray.
Soil or other substrate:Humus (organic, upland), Sand
Soil pH:



Fruits are used by birds and other wildlife. 


Nectar plant for large orange sulphur (Phoebis agarithe), Schaus' swallowtail (Papilio aristodemus ponceanus) and other butterflies.

Pollinated by bees.

Native Habitats:Coastal uplands

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Fruits are edible.