Crataegus crus-galli

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Cockspur Hawthorn


Plant Specifics

Size:20-30 ft tall by 20-30 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:Deciduous. Blooms in early spring. Fruit ripens late spring-summer.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits


Recommended Uses:Small specimen tree. Slow growing. Hedge.
Considerations:Thorns of up to 3 inches long from branches and trunk.
Propagation:Seed, cuttings. Unlikely to breed true from seed.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:



Birds and other wildlife consume the fruit. 

Browsed by deer and rabbits.


 Larval food for hummingbird clearwing moth(Hemaris thysbe), striped hairstreak butterfly(Satyrium liparops), and blinded sphinx moth (Paonias excaecata).

Attracts pollinators, especially important for native bees.

Native Habitats:Open woods, upland woods.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures