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|Size:||1-3 ft tall; spreads by rhizomes to form colonies.|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Fall color, Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Shrub in an informal, moist garden and would make a good backdrop for a bog garden, or a good plant to plant along a moist woodland edge.|
|Propagation:||Seed, root division, cuttings.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Fruits eaten by a variety of birds and mammals.
Pollinated by native bees.
|Native Habitats:||Bogs, wet savannas, edges of bayheads, mesic to hydric flatwoods.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Edible though seedy.|
|General Comments:||Rarely gown likely because of its need for moist sites.|