Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Recommended Uses:||Moist wildflower garden.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Acidic to neutral|
Birds and small mammals eat the seeds.
Primarily pollinated by bees. The goldenrod soldier beetle (a.k.a. leatherwing beetle (Chauliognathus pensylvanicus) is a goldenrod pollinator (FL Wildflower Foundation).
|Native Habitats:||Pinelands, savannas, ruderal.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|General Comments:||This is Florida's only native annual sunflower. The Bradford County location is near both a major road and a railroad and may be a waif.|