Ilex verticillata

Winterberry

Aquifoliaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Shrub
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:Showy fruits

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:In wet places, it can be planted as a specimen plant for winter interest. When it loses its leaves in the fall, just the berries left on the stems create a striking display.
Propagation:Softwood cuttings started in spring. Seeds of most holly species require 2-3 years of dormancy before they will germinate.
Availability:Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Organic material (muck), Sand
Soil pH:Acidic

Ecology

Wildlife:
 

Various bird species eat the fruit.

Insects:
 

Pollinated by bees.

Native Habitats:Floodplains, creek swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

General Comments:Rarely grown in Florida.