Illicium floridanum

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Florida Anise


Plant Specifics

Size:15 ft tall by 8 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:Red
Fruit Color:Brown
Phenology:Evergreen. Blooms in spring. Fruits ripen in fall.
Noted for:Showy flowers, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Screen or specimen plant in shady wet settings.
Availability:Native nurseries, Quality nurseries
Light: Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic to neutral



Pollinated by a variety of insects, especially native flies.

Native Habitats:Slope forest, floodplain forest, hydric hammocks, seep stream (banks), steepheads.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:

The distribution mimics the distribution of steepheads, a stream/valley system that originates in a very steep-headed ravine where the water seeps out of the ground to form a stream, and the headwall gradually moves uphill due to the water exiting the ground undermining it.