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|Size:||15 ft tall by 8 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Evergreen. Blooms in spring. Fruits ripen in fall.|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers, Interesting foliage|
|Recommended Uses:||Screen or specimen plant in shady wet settings.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Quality nurseries|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
|Soil pH:||Acidic to neutral|
Pollinated by a variety of insects, especially native flies.
|Native Habitats:||Slope forest, floodplain forest, hydric hammocks, seep stream (banks), steepheads.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
The distribution mimics the distribution of steepheads, a stream/valley system that originates in a very steep-headed ravine where the water seeps out of the ground to form a stream, and the headwall gradually moves uphill due to the water exiting the ground undermining it.