Magnolia tripetala

Umbrella Magnolia

Magnoliaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Tree
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red,brown
Phenology:Deciduous
Noted for:Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Interesting foliage

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Can be a specimen tree or use in a fairly bright understory. Its irregular branching pattern and large leaves make it best suited to fairly large yards.
Propagation:Seed.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Acidic (4.5-6.5)

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Good wildlife shelter. Fruits eaten and dispersed by birds and small mammals.

Insects:
 

Beetles are the primary pollinators of magnolia flowers. The flowers have a hardened carpel to avoid damage by their gnawing mandibles as the feed. The beetles are after the protein-rich pollen. Because the beetles are interesting in pollen and pollen alone, the flowers mature in a way that ensures cross pollination. The male parts mature first and offer said pollen. The female parts of the flower are second to mature. They produce no reward for the beetles but are instead believed to mimic the male parts, ensuring that the beetles will spend some time exploring and thus effectively pollinating the flowers (In Defense of Plants blog).

Native Habitats:Slope forest on steep north-facing slopes.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

Comments

General Comments:The plant is listed as Endangered by the FDACS.  Please acquire from reputable nurseries with appropriate permits for propagating and selling this species.