Photographs belong to the photographers who allow use for FNPS purposes only. Please contact the photographer for all other uses.
|Size:||3-4 (6) ft tall by 2-3 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Recommended Uses:||Clump forming, suitable for planting toward the back of a moist wildflower garden.|
|Considerations:||An aggressive grower. Plant where that characteristic is appropriate.|
|Propagation:||Division of root mass.|
|Availability:||Native nurseries, Seed, Specialty providers|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Moderate. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms).|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
Larval host for tawny edged skipper.
|Native Habitats:||Riverine forests, flatwoods, beaches, fresh and brackish marshes, disturbed sites.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures
|Ethnobotany:||Being cultivated as a biofuel. Seed.|
In the opinion of this author, this species has a weedy look.
Occurs throughout Florida but is more frequent in flatwoods pond settings and small floodplains than in areas of sandy ridges.