Ptelea trifoliata

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Wafer-ash, Common Hoptree


Plant Specifics

Size:5-15 ft tall by 10-15 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Yellow
Noted for:Fall color, Showy fruits


Recommended Uses:Understory tree, use as a background plant or screen.
Propagation:Cuttings and seed.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Circum-neutral



Larval host for the giant swallowtail.

Carrion flies pollinate the flowers.

Native Habitats:Floodplains, rich woodlands, upland mixed forest.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Seeds once used like hops in beer-brewing.