Verbesina virginica

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Frostweed, White Crownbeard

Asteraceae (Compositae)

Plant Specifics

Size:4-5 (6) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:
Fruit Color:NA
Phenology:Winter dormant
Noted for:Showy flowers


Recommended Uses:Background plant in a wildflower garden. Also useful as a mass planting along a forest edge. This plant is best used in informal settings and does well if allowed to naturalize.
Propagation:Seed. Division--best done when dormant in the winter. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative.
Availability:Native nurseries, Seed, Specialty providers
Light: Part Shade,  Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable



Attracts native bees.

Nectar source for butterflies.

Native Habitats:Moist forest edges.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Leaves dried and used as tobacco by some indigenous peoples.
General Comments:Each stem has soft, fleshy green flanges running longitudinally down its length. When winter weather brings ice, the stems exude water that freezes into fascinating shapes, hence its common name frostweed.