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|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Showy flowers|
|Light:||Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Somewhat moist, no flooding|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Sand|
Birds that consume the fruit include mockingbirds, thrashers, warblers, cardinals, titmice, and chickadees.
Larval host for the spring azure butterfly (Celastrina ladon).
Both native and non-native viburnums (Viburnum spp.) attract a wide range of pollinators with strong scents that promise either a nectar or pollen reward. Scarab beetles of the genus Cetonia are particularly interesting viburnum pollinators, possessing branched hairs on their bodies that are similar to pollen-collecting hairs found on bees. These hairs ensure a better chance of cross-pollination for self-sterile viburnum species. Viburnums with long corolla tubes and sweet scents are most often pollinated by species belonging to the order Lepidoptera, while viburnums with shorter corolla tubes and muskier odors receive frequent visits from flies and small bees. This relationship corresponds to the size of the insect mouthparts. Most viburnums produce very little nectar despite the wide range of pollinators.. The primary reward, at least for bees, is not nectar but pollen (Arnold Arboretum).
|Native Habitats:||Swamps, wet woods, seep slopes, by swamps, creek swamps.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures