Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum

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Bird Pepper


Plant Specifics

Size:Dwarf shrub, use like a wildflower.  3 ft tall by 2.5 ft wide
Life Span:Short-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Orange,red
Phenology:Evergreen. Flowers and fruits year-round.
Noted for:Showy fruits


Recommended Uses:Edible, very hot fruits
Propagation:Seed or cuttings.  Seeds need to be scarified to sprout.  
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Not wet but not extremely dry ----- to ----- Somewhat long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Clay, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable



Birds (especially mockingbirds) eat the green, un-ripened peppers. 


Attracts bees.

Native Habitats:

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:Edible fruits.  Extremely hot!