Crataegus phaenopyrum

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Washington Hawthorn


Plant Specifics

Size:25-35 ft tall by 20-25 ft wide
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:Flowers April to May. Deciduous.
Noted for:Fall color, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Thorns


Recommended Uses:Specimen plant, screen, or can be pruned into a hedge. Fall color is orange-red and moderately showy in regions with adequate cold.
Considerations:Has thorns.
Propagation:Seed. Unlikely to breed true. Does best in moist, fertile soil.
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable



Birds and other wildlife consume the fruit. 


Larval food for hummingbird clearwing moth(Hemaris thysbe), striped hairstreak butterfly(Satyrium liparops), and blinded sphinx moth (Paonias excaecata).

Attracts pollinators, especially important for native bees.

Native Habitats:Floodplain forests and swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


General Comments:Listed as Endangered by the State of Florida.