Crataegus phaenopyrum

Washington Hawthorn

Rosaceae

Plant Specifics

Form:Tree
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White
Fruit Color:Red
Phenology:
Noted for:Fall color, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Thorns

Landscaping

Recommended Uses:Specimen plant, screen, or can be pruned into a hedge. Fall color is orange-red and moderately showy in regions with adequate cold.
Considerations:Has thorns.
Propagation:Seed. Unlikely to breed true. Does best in moist, fertile soil.
Availability:Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)
Moisture Tolerance: Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Adaptable

Ecology

Wildlife:
  

Birds and other wildlife consume the fruit. 

Insects:
  

Larval food for hummingbird clearwing moth(Hemaris thysbe), striped hairstreak butterfly(Satyrium liparops), and blinded sphinx moth (Paonias excaecata).

Attracts pollinators, especially important for native bees.

Native Habitats:Floodplain forests and swamps.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures

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