|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Noted for:||Fall color, Showy flowers, Showy fruits, Thorns|
|Recommended Uses:||Specimen plant, screen, or can be pruned into a hedge. Fall color is orange-red and moderately showy in regions with adequate cold.|
|Propagation:||Seed. Unlikely to breed true. Does best in moist, fertile soil.|
|Light:||Full Sun, Part Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Stays Wet ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
Birds and other wildlife consume the fruit.
Larval food for hummingbird clearwing moth(Hemaris thysbe), striped hairstreak butterfly(Satyrium liparops), and blinded sphinx moth (Paonias excaecata).
Attracts pollinators, especially important for native bees.
|Native Habitats:||Floodplain forests and swamps.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures