Dodonaea viscosa

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Varnish Leaf, Florida Hopbush


Plant Specifics

Size:1-15 (25) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,yellow,green
Fruit Color:Yellow,red,green
Phenology:Evergreen. Blooms spring-summer.
Noted for:Showy fruits, Interesting foliage, Hurricane wind resistance


Recommended Uses:Often used as a hedge plant. Fast growing. Can also work as an individual specimen. A good choice for dune stabilization.
Propagation:Seed, cuttings, layering. Fast growing
Availability:Native nurseries, FNPS plant sales, Seed
Light: Full Sun,  Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Very long very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Tolerant of occasional/brief inundation such as can occur in storm surges.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:High. Can tolerate significant and ongoing amounts of salty wind and salt spray without injury.
Soil or other substrate:Lime rock, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous (high pH)



Dense foliage can be good bird nesting habitat.  Fruits are dispersed by wind.


Attracts pollinators.

Native Habitats:Dry sites near the coast. Hammocks and pinelands.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
10A 10B 11 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures


Ethnobotany:This pan-tropical tree has been used for a variety of medicinal uses, typically as an extract or tea. The list varies from skin rashes, to sore throats, to stomach ailments, to a variety of serious diseases.
General Comments:Has shiny, stiff leaves 2.5 to 5 inches long.