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|Size:||4-7 ft tall by 2-3 ft wide|
|Life Span:||Long-lived perennial|
|Phenology:||Deciduous. Fruits ripen in fall. Typically lives <10 yrs (Nelson 2003)|
|Noted for:||Interesting bark, Showy fruits|
|Recommended Uses:||Shady settings. Interesting for its green twigs and red warty fruits. In good habitats it can form dense clones.|
|Propagation:||Seed, semi-hardwood cuttings.|
|Light:||Part Shade, Shade|
always floodedextremely dry
|(Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry)|
|Moisture Tolerance:||Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry|
|Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:||Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.|
|Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:||Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray|
|Soil or other substrate:||Loam, Sand|
Birds and other wildlife consume seed.
Insect pollinated, especially by bees.
|Native Habitats:||Seep slopes, rich woods, hammocks, upland mixed forest, bluffs, floodplains.|
Distribution and Planting Zones
Natural Range in Florida
Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B
USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures