Frangula caroliniana

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Carolina Buckthorn


Also known as Rhamnus caroliniana

Plant Specifics

Size:12-15 (40) ft
Life Span:Long-lived perennial
Flower Color:White,green
Fruit Color:Red,black
Noted for:Showy fruits, Interesting foliage


Recommended Uses:Specimen tree, can also be containerized, hedge plant, patio plant, or median plant.
Availability:Native nurseries
Light: Part Shade
Moisture Tolerance:
always floodedextremely dry
 (Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods)
Moisture Tolerance: Somewhat moist, no flooding ----- to ----- Short very dry periods
Salt Water Flooding Tolerance:Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water.
Salt Spray/ Salty Soil Tolerance:Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray
Soil or other substrate:Loam, Sand
Soil pH:Calcareous



Eaten and dispersed by birds, especially songbirds.


  • Pollinated by insects
  • Larvel host for eastern tiger swallowtail

Native Habitats:Moist deciduous forests, shell middens, calcareous woods.

Distribution and Planting Zones

Natural Range in Florida
USDA Zones

Suitable to grow in:
8A 8B 9A 9B 

USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures